Kevin James Bowman, Ph.D.
Integral Economist, Metatheorist, Professor
Abstracts of Integral Economics Articles
Holarchically Embedding Integral Political Economy: Helping to Synthesize Major Schools of Economics
     Kevin J. Bowman, 2011
     Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 6(2): 1-29.

This article expands on the use of the integral political-economic approach with the concept of holarchical embeddedness. Integral Theory is used to embed users and critics of economics according to their development, typology, and stakeholder position when they perceive, act, and interact. The approach itself is also embedded within and across schools of economics using the quadrants, levels, and types of Integral Theory. Holarchical embeddedness (HE) is clarified by extending the three individual political-economic types (of conservative, liberal, and radical) to collectives. HE helps demonstrate the role of multiple stakeholder deflection of blame in suboptimal policymaking, which involves confusion between immature and mature uses of economic theory across types (the immature/mature fallacy). This article introduces a novel decomposition of the immature/mature fallacy into two versions, reductionism and elevationism. This helps to spot a dynamic in which critics of elevationist uses of economics respond by reducing economics to a subset of models that are erroneously perceived as having to be applied universally or not at all (coined here as the fallacy of implied universalism). Overcoming these oppositional fallacies suggest working to integrate various schools of economics, which is furthered here by using a four-quadrant, multilevel, three-type approach and by building on previously established aspects of the framework.
The Financial Crisis of 2008-2009: An Integral Political-Economic Analysis.
     Kevin J. Bowman 2010
     Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 5(3): 39-67.

This article uses the integral political-economic approach to analyze the causes of the financial crisis of 2008-2009. First, the modern financial system is summarized as seen through the eight horizontal realms of the Integral model. This serves as necessary background information to non-economists and also as a check against certain reductionistic views of our system. As opposed to the more mature tendencies available, immature drives within both political-economic conservatives and liberals are shown (in varying degree) to have interacted, causing the imbalances that led to the crisis. Yet analyses of the crisis elsewhere tend to be partial and ideologically biased. Integral values and action strategies provide direction for working towards a centric culture--one that would better include healthy actions of agents at their given levels for the reconciliation of conservative, liberal, and radical views needed for the maturation of the informational economy.
Integral Neoclassical Economic Growth
     Kevin J. Bowman, 2008.
     Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 4(3): 17-38.

I present three- and four-input versions of the influential Neoclassical Economic Growth model using Ken Wilber's AQAL model to interpret the inputs. The model's resulting accumulation of inputs matches AQAL's many, emerging levels in three primary realms or four quadrants, while also matching the minimum stylized facts required of economic growth models. Furthermore, an alternative Big Three version, together with the four-input version, match the constant labor share of income of two-thirds to three-fourths, an empirical regularity. An economic explanation of this has been lacking prior to now. This model provides a broader and deeper understanding of the relationships between human, cultural, and social capital and their relation to the satisfaction of needs by level. In helps us avoid reductionism, which is shown to be prevalent in applications of growth theory. The model also provides a needed dynamic version of AQAL that includes important concepts from economic growth theory.
Integral Political Economy
    Kevin J. Bowman, 2010 
    Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 5(3): 1-27.

An integral political-economic framework is developed first with a quadrant analysis of the economy. The analysis contains a novel separation by quadrant of the effects that either encourage or discourage economic development. It is then shown what quadrant aspects are recognized or emphasized by liberals and conservatives. A review of the Integral approach to capital then allows for the integration of the radical view. Political-economic understanding is then proposed as a learning line of development where conservative, liberal, and radical emphasis in agents is associated with their political-economic personality types. Distinctions are made between less and more mature versions of each type. Finally, an immature/mature fallacy is discovered where more mature views are mistakenly reduced to less mature versions of that type by less mature views of another type.
Healthy Versus Pathological Political-Economic Discourse and Policy: An Integral Political-Economic Treatment

This article expands on the Integral Political Economic (IPE) framework to analyze political-economic discourse. It is argued that, to a significant extent, a collective pathology exists in U.S. culture around economic policymaking. A game-theoretic analysis of economic policy demonstrates how relatively unhealthy and less mature strategic behavior across political-economic types (conservative and liberal) can lead to suboptimal economic policy. Political-economic transformation in Denmark is contrasted with the economic difficulties in the U.S. as comparative cases to support the theory. Insights from Critical Realism such as evolution towards the eudaimonistic society and recent discourses of modernity contribute to the analysis.
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